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WHO Director-General declares the ongoing monkeypox outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern

On July 23, the WHO Director-General declared the escalating global monkeypox outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Currently, the vast majority of reported cases are in the WHO European Region. WHO/Europe remains committed to partnering with countries and communities to address the outbreak with the required urgency
Ref: Press Release

Key facts About Monkey Pox

  1. Vaccines used during the smallpox eradication program also provided protection against monkeypox.
  2. Newer vaccines have been developed, of which one has been approved for the prevention of monkeypox.
  3. Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
  4. Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks.
  5. Severe cases can occur. Recently, the case fatality ratio has been around 3–6%.
  6. Monkeypox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal or with material contaminated with the virus. Monkeypox virus is transmitted from one person to another by close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials such as bedding.
  7. Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of central and west Africa and is occasionally exported to other regions.
  8. An antiviral agent developed for the treatment of smallpox has also been licensed for the treatment of monkeypox.
  9. The clinical presentation of monkeypox resembles that of smallpox, a related orthopoxvirus infection declared eradicated worldwide in 1980.
  10. Monkeypox is less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe illness. Monkeypox typically presents clinically with fever, rash, and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to various medical complications.

Image Credit and Ref: CDC / WHO

  1. 23 जुलाई को, WHO के महानिदेशक ने बढ़ते वैश्विक मंकीपॉक्स के प्रकोप को अंतर्राष्ट्रीय चिंता का सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य आपातकाल (PHEIC) घोषित किया।
  2. मंकीपॉक्स वायरस से मंकीपॉक्स का संक्रमण होता है।
  3. 2 से 4 सप्ताह तक चलने वाले लक्षणों के साथ यह एक स्व-सीमित रोग है यानी की यह क़रीब एक महीने तक रहता है ।
  4. एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति में नज़दीकी सम्बंध, घावों, शरीर के तरल पदार्थ, श्वसन बूंदों और बिस्तर जैसे दूषित पदार्थों के निकट संपर्क से फैलता है।
  5. मंकीपॉक्स की प्रस्तुति चेचक से मिलती-जुलती है, लेकिन यह चेचक की तुलना में कम संक्रामक है और कम गंभीर बीमारी का कारण बनती है।
  6. मंकीपॉक्स आमतौर पर बुखार, बदन दर्द, दाने, खुजली, फुंसी, फोड़ा, फफोला, और सूजी हुई गाँठें के साथ प्रस्तुत करता है !
  7. यह आमतौर पर चहरे, पंजे और पैरो के निचले हिस्से में प्रकट होते हैं।
  8. यदि किसी को ऐसे कोई कोई नया लक्षण मौजूद हो तो मूल्यांकन के लिए अपने स्वास्थ्य सेवा प्रदाता से संपर्क करें।
  9. शिक्षा और रोकथाम इलाज से बेहतर है! उचित दूरी रखें और स्वस्थ रहें।
  10. संदर्भ: डब्ल्यूएचओ / सीडीसी

Disclaimer: This article has been produced to give you general information. Most of your questions should be answered by this article. It is not intended to replace the discussion between you and your doctor but may act as a starting point for discussion. If after reading it you have any concerns or require further explanation, please discuss this with a member of the healthcare team.

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